Session 1 :Neurology
Neurology is the study of nervous system. Neurology is a branch of medicine that deals with the disorders of the nervous system. It deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all kinds of disorders and disease involving the central and peripheral nervous systems including the subdivisions, the autonomic and somatic nervous systems; their coverings, blood vessels, tissues and muscles. Neurology involves clinical research, clinical trials and translational research. The corresponding surgical specialty of neurology is neurosurgery. Neurology and psychiatry always tend to overlap each other with boundaries between the two disciplines and the conditions they treat being somewhat nebulous. This session further discusses more the subject neurology and its related fields, the diagnostic and treatments procedures.
Session 2 :Neuromuscular Disorders, Spinal Disorders and Peripheral Neuropathies
Neuromuscular disorders are diseases caused by impairment of the motor unit comprising the lower motor neuron, nerve root, peripheral nerve, myoneural junction and muscle. Neuromuscular diseases are divided into disorders that involve cranial and spinal motor neurons, spinal nerve roots, nerve plexuses, peripheral nerves, neuromuscular junctions and muscles. The evaluation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) composition is not routinely needed to help facilitate a diagnosis of a suspected neuromuscular disease. Alterations in CSF composition have been reported in a variety of neuromuscular diseases due to the transudation of serum proteins, the release of intracellular substances from degenerating cells, the recruitment of inflammatory cells and/or the production of cytokines and other signaling molecules. This session discusses more about Neuromuscular Disorders, Spinal Disorders and Peripheral Neuropathies.
Session 3 :Behavioral Neurology
Movement, mood and obsessive-compulsive disorders are studied in behavioral neurology, such as frontostriatal dysfunction and neurochemistry with catecholamine and indoleamine systems being implicated in these disparate conditions. Two fields associated with behavioral neurology are Neuropsychiatry and Neuropsychology. Studying Parkinson's disease from other causes of Parkinsonism, its treatment and prognostic implications and the role of abnormal proteins in neurodegenerative disease is briefly discussed. The association of Tourettes’s Syndrome and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder with streptococcal infections is noted but not developed in terms of potential aetiological mechanisms in an interesting field of current research activity. This session discusses more about behavioral neurology.
Session 4 :Neurological Disorders
All disorders in the nervous system are known as neurological disorders. Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord and or other nerves are some of the symptoms obtained in neurological disorders. Symptoms like paralysis, muscle weakness, poor coordination, loss of sensation, seizures, confusion, pain and altered levels of consciousness fall under neurological disorders. These are assessed and studied by neurological examination and treated within the specialties of neurology and clinical neuropsychology. Interventions for neurological disorders include preventative measures, lifestyle changes, physiotherapy, other therapy, neuro-rehabilitation, pain management, medication or surgeries performed by neurosurgeons. This session discusses many neurological disorders and its diagnostic and treatment interventions in the light of emerging advanced technologies.
Session 5 :Neurodegenerative Disorder
Neurodegenerative disorders deals with a range of conditions which affect the neurons in the human brain. Neurons don’t reproduce or replace themselves when they get damaged or die and they neither be replaced by the body. Neurodegenerative diseases are incurable and debilitating conditions that result in progressive degeneration or death of nerve cells. This causes problems with movement known as Ataxias or mental functioning called Dementias. Neurodegenerative diseases include Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s,Huntington’s disease, Prion disease, Motor neurone diseases, Spinocerebellar ataxia and Spinal muscular atrophy. This session discusses various methods, technologies and medical interventions in treating patients suffering from neurodegenerative disorder.
Session 6 :Clinical Neurophysiology
Clinical neurophysiology is a medical specialty that deals with the central and peripheral nervous systems through the recording of bioelectrical activity. It encompasses both research regarding pathophysiology and clinical methods that diagnose diseases of both central and peripheral nervous systems. Tests measure the electrical functions of the brain, spinal cord and nerves in the limbs and muscles. It gives the precise definition of site, the type and degree of the lesion, along with revealing the abnormalities that are in question. Because of this clinical neurophysiology mainly helps diagnose diseases rather than treat them.
Session 7 :Cognitive Neurology
The emergence of In-vivo Neuroimaging in 1980s has furthered the interests in Cognitive neuroscience and it further provided a tool that allowed for lesion, structural and functional correlations with behavioral dysfunction in living people. Methods employed in cognitive neurology or neuroscience includes psychophysical experiments, functional neuroimaging, electrophysiological studies of neural systems,cognitive genomics and behavioral genetics. Cognitive Neurology deals with how neural circuits in the brain affect or control cognitive activities. Cognitive neurology depends on theories in cognitive science such as Neurobiology and Computational modeling. This session discusses about the latest trends in research and technological developments in Cognitive neurology.
Session 8 :Computational Neurology
Computational Neurology deals with the study of mathematical models, theoretical analysis and abstractions of the brain to understand the principles that govern the development, structure, physiology and cognitive abilities of the nervous system. Computational neurology studies biologically plausible neurons and neural systems and their physiology and dynamics. The mathematical models formulated in computational neuroscience are useful since they capture the essential features of the biological system at multiple spatial-temporal scales from membrane currents, proteins and chemical coupling to network oscillations, columnar and topographic architecture,learning and memory. This session further discusses about the latest trends and developments in computational neurology.
Session 9 :Geriatric Neurology
Geriatric Neurology involves the study of neurologic disorders in older people. Dementia and stroke that causes disability in elderly people are known as Geriatric Neurology. The aging nervous system offers challenges in placing disease and treatment in respect of predicted aging changes in Neurochemistry, Neurohistology, Neuroanatomy, Neurophysiology and Neuroimmunology. These are identified in current clinical practices. Geriatric Neurology is evolving in response to major changes in demography and prevalence rates of diseases associated with advanced age. This session discusses the latest advancements in research and the emerging trends and developments in treatment interventions in Geriatric Neurology.
Session 10 :Neurosurgery
Neurosurgery deals with the nervous system which includes the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves and cerebrovascular system and further deals with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment and rehabilitation of disorders affecting the brain, spinal cord, nervous system and peripheral nerves within all parts of the body. Neurosurgery provides for the operative and non-operative management which include prevention, diagnosis, evaluation, treatment, critical care and rehabilitation processes. Neurosurgery requires extensive training in the diagnosis of all neurological disease, emergency room doctors, neurologists, internists, family practitioners and osteopaths often call upon them for consultations. This session discusses the latest technological developments in the research field of Neurosurgery.
Session 11 :Neural Development
Neural Development aims to discover how the nervous system arises and acquires the abilities to sense the world and control adaptive motor output. It deals with research that use molecular, cellular, physiological or behavioral methods to provide novel insights into the mechanisms that underlie the formation of the nervous system as well as its renewal and regeneration in adults. The field includes analysis of how progenitor cells form a nervous system during embryogenesis and how the initially formed neural circuits are shaped by experience during early postnatal life as well as renewal and regeneration in adults. Some studies use well-established genetically accessible model systems to study behavioral or evolutionary insights. This session further discusses more about Neural Development.
Session 12 :Neurogenetics
Neurogenetics is the study of genetics in the development and function of the nervous system. As the name suggests, it is the study of combined Neuroscience and Genetics, which focuses in particular how the genetic code of an organism carries its affects in expressed traits. It studies neural characteristics as phenotypes which include manifestations, measurable or not, of the genetic make-up of an individual and is mainly based on the observation of the nervous systems of individuals. The field of Neurogenetics emerged in the mid to late 1900s with advances closely following advancements made in available technology. Today Neurogenetics is drawing much attention towards its research utilizing cutting edge techniques. This session discusses more about Neurogenetics.
Session 13 :Neural Engineering
Neural engineering combines both studies in biomedical engineering that uses engineering techniques to understand, repair, replace, enhance or otherwise exploit the properties of neural systems. The main goal of neural engineering is to restore and augment of human function via direct interactions between the nervous system and artificial devices. Neural engineering solves design problems at the interface of living neural tissue and non-living constructs. The field of neural engineering draws on the fields of computational neuroscience, experimental neuroscience, clinical neurology, electrical engineering and signal processing of living neural tissue, and encompasses elements from robotics, cybernetics, computer engineering, neural tissue engineering, materials science and nanotechnology. This session discusses more about neural engineering.
Session 14 :Neuroimaging
The ability to see the human brain in action and the interpretation of that image is of great importance for our society. As the ability to see inside and read a living human brain becomes increasingly sophisticated, the ethical and social implications of neuroimaging grow ever greater, shaped by both the capabilities of the technology itself and the public perception of its potential. The brain is not just another organ with diseases to be diagnosed and treated through modern medical technology. It holds a special cultural status as the seat of the mind, central to our notions of self and identity. Few advances have transformed the fields of neuroscience and medicine like brain imaging technology. This session discusses further more about neuroimaging.
Session 15 :Neuroimmunology
Neuroimmunology is a field combining neurology, the study of nervous system; and immunology, the study of the immune system. Neuroimmunology studies the interactions of these two complex systems during development, homeostasis, and response to injuries. Many types of interactions involve both the nervous and immune systems including the physiological functioning of the two systems in health and disease, malfunction of either and or both systems that leads to disorders, and the physical, chemical, and environmental stressors that affect the two systems on a daily basis. In doing so, neuroimmunology contributes to development of new pharmacological treatments for several neurological conditions. This session discusses more about the latest trends in neuroimmunology.
Session 16 :Neuropsychiatry
Neuropsychiatry studies disorders relating to diseases of the nervous system. Neuropsychiatry is the study of the combined fields of psychiatry and neurology. Psychiatry and neurology are two separate entities that are combined together known as neuropsychiatry. Neuropsychiatry also overlaps the fields of neuropsychology and behavioral neurology. Neuropsychiatry deals with the mental neurological disorders and conditions including neurodegenerative disorders, stroke, seizures, encephalitis, movement disorders, traumatic brain injury, demyelinating diseases etc. Neuropsychiatry further deals with psychological and behavioral conditions or symptoms like self-injurious behaviors, depression, obsessions, anxiety, mania, aggression, compulsions, psychosis etc. This session discusses more about the latest developments in research and treatment interventions of neuropsychiatry.
Session 17 :Neuro Oncology
Neuro-oncology is the study of brain and spinal cord neoplasms, several of them are very dangerous and life-threatening such as astrocytoma, glioma, glioblastoma multiforme, ependymoma, pontine glioma and brain stem tumors. Among the malignant brain cancers, gliomas of the brainstem and pons, glioblastoma multiforme and high-grade or highly anaplastic astrocytoma are the worst. Surgery may in some cases be curative but as a general rule, malignant brain cancers tend to regenerate and emerge from remission easily, especially highly malignant cases. In such cases, the goal is to excise as much of the tumor cells and as much of the tumor margin as possible without endangering vital functions or other important cognitive abilities. This session discusses Neuro oncology and its treatments.
Session 18 :Paediatric Neurology
Pediatric neurology involves the study of child neurology and the diseases and disorders of the spinal cord, brain, peripheral nervous system, autonomic nervous system, muscles and blood vessels that affect individuals in these age groups. Pediatric Neurology is a specialized branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and management of neurological conditions in neonates or newborns, infants, children and adolescents. The discipline of child neurology encompasses diseases and disorders. The conditions dealt with by pediatric neurology vary considerably, from relatively simple disorders such as migraine or cerebral palsy through to more complex and rare conditions such as metabolic disease or neurodegenerative disorders. This session discusses more about paediatric neurology and the latest treatment interventions in it.
Session 19 :Central Nervous System
The Central Nervous System is made up of Brain and Spinal cord. It combines information from the entire body and coordinates activity across the whole organism. Hence it is called Central Nervous System. The brain is protected by the skull or the cranial cavity and the spinal cord travels from the back of the brain, down the center of the spine, stopping in the lumbar region of the lower back.The brain and spinal cord are both housed within a protective triple-layered membrane called the meninges. The central nervous system controls our thoughts, movements, emotions and desires. It also controls our breathing, heart rate, the release of some hormones, body temperature and much more. This session debates on central nervous system and its disorders that affect human life.
Session 20 :Autonomic Neurology
Autonomic Neurology focuses on clinical scenarios organized on three parts. The first part reviews the anatomical and biochemical mechanisms of central and peripheral nervous system, control of autonomic function, principles of autonomic pharmacology and a clinical and laboratory approach to the diagnosis of autonomic disorders. The second part focuses on the pathophysiology and management of orthostatic hypotension, postural tachycardia, baroreflex failure; syncope, disorders of sweating, neurogenic bladder and sexual dysfunction, gastrointestinal dysmotility and autonomic hyperactivity. The final part is devoted to specific autonomic disorders, including central neurodegenerative disorders; common peripheral neuropathies with prominent autonomic failure; painful small fiber neuropathies; autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathies and neuropathies; focal brain disorders; focal spinal cord disorders and chronic pain disorders with autonomic manifestations. This session discusses more about autonomic neurology.
Session 21 :Novel Therapeutic Strategies
Novel Therapeutic Strategies in Neurology and Neuro Disorders represents a major health and disability problem. Despite important advances in pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment, its primary causes still remain elusive, accurate biomarkers are not well characterized, and the available pharmacological treatments are not cost-effective. Diverse environmental factors, cerebrovascular dysfunction and epigenetic phenomena, together with structural and functional genomic dysfunctions lead to amyloid deposition, neurofibrillary tangle formation and premature neuronal death. During the last 20 years, over 1000 different compounds have been studied as potential candidate drugs for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The implementation of pharmacogenomic strategies will contribute to optimize drug development and therapeutics in AD and related disorders. This session discusses further developments in Novel Therapeutic Strategies relating to neurology and neuro disorders.